Tuesday, March 14, 2017
Man Ray, pseudonyme d’Emmanuel Radnitsky (1890-1976) est un peintre, photographe et réalisateur de cinéma, acteur du dadaïsme à New York, puis du surréalisme à Paris.
Man Ray, born Emmanuel Radnitzky (1890-1976) was an American visual artist who spent most of his career in France. He was a significant contributor to the Dada and Surrealist movements, although his ties to each were informal. He produced major works in a variety of media but considered himself a painter above all. He was best known for his photography, and he was a renowned fashion and portrait photographer.
# Man Ray
Wednesday, March 8, 2017
Isabelle Huppert est une actrice française, née le 16 mars 1953 à Paris. Considérée comme l'une des plus grandes actrices de sa génération, elle est reconnue pour l'intensité dramatique de ses compositions, l'extrême singularité de son jeu mais aussi l'audace de ses choix et son désir d'initier des projets auprès d'artistes confirmés ou débutants.
Isabelle Huppert (born 16 March 1953) is a French actress who has appeared in more than 100 films and television productions since her debut in 1971. She is the most nominated actress for the César Award, with 16 nominations. She twice won the César Award for Best Actress, for La Ceremonie (1995) and for Elle (2016).
Sunday, March 5, 2017
Monday, February 27, 2017
Les Ziegfeld Follies sont une série de productions théâtrales de Broadway à New York de 1907 à 1931. C'est devenu une émission de radio en 1932 et en 1936 avec The Ziegfeld Follies of the Air. Inspirés par les Folies Bergère de Paris, les Ziegfeld Follies furent conçues et créées par Florenz Ziegfeld, d'après l'idée de sa femme à l'époque, la comédienne Anna Held.
The Ziegfeld Follies was a series of elaborate theatrical revue productions on Broadway in New York City from 1907 through 1931, with renewals in 1934 and 1936. They became a radio program in 1932 and 1936 as The Ziegfeld Follies of the Air.
Saturday, February 25, 2017
Enrica Soma (1929-1969) était un mannequin et une première danseuse américaine. Elle a également été l'épouse du réalisateur John Huston et la mère de l'actrice Anjelica Huston.
Enrica Soma (1929-1969) was an American socialite, model, and prima-ballerina. She was also the wife of director John Huston and mother of actress Anjelica Huston.
Wednesday, February 22, 2017
Jose Collins (1887-1958) est une actrice et chanteuse anglaise connue pour ses performances dans des comédies musicales ainsi qu'au cours des débuts du cinéma.
Jose Collins sometimes styled José Collins (1887-1958) was an English actress and singer celebrated for her performances in musical comedies and early motion pictures.
Tuesday, January 31, 2017
Élisabeth Amélie Eugénie de Wittelsbach (1837-1898), duchesse en Bavière puis, par son mariage, impératrice d'Autriche et reine de Hongrie est morte assassinée le 10 septembre 1898 à Genève, en Suisse. Elle fut en partie à l'origine du compromis austro-hongrois de 1867 mais, ne pouvant s'adapter à la vie de la cour, elle passa une grande partie de son existence à voyager.
Elisabeth of Austria (1837-1898) was the wife of Emperor Franz Joseph I, and thus Empress of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Queen consort of Croatia and Bohemia.
Saturday, January 21, 2017
Jacques Henri Lartigue (1894-1986), est un peintre, écrivain et célèbre photographe amateur français découvert en 1963 par les Américains.
Jacques Henri Lartigue (1894-1986) was a French photographer and painter, known for his photographs of automobile races, planes and Parisian fashion female models.
Wednesday, December 14, 2016
The last Cagots
Holy water font reserved for cagots
Un cagot, au féminin cagote, dans le Sud-Ouest de la France, était aussi appelé agote, sur le versant sud des Pyrénées, en Espagne. Il s'agissait de termes dépréciatifs qui désignaient des groupes d'habitants, exerçant des métiers du bois, ou du fer, frappés d'exclusion et de répulsion dans leurs villages surtout en Gascogne et de part et d'autre du Piémont pyrénéen, entre le XIIIe siècle et les temps modernes. La réputation des cagots est associée à la peur de la lèpre.
The Cagots were a persecuted and despised minority found in the west of France and northern Spain: the Navarrese Pyrenees, Basque provinces, Béarn, Aragón, Gascony and Brittany. Evidence of the group exists back as far as AD 1000.
Cagots were shunned and hated. While restrictions varied by time and place, they were typically required to live in separate quarters in towns, called cagoteries, which were often on the far outskirts of the villages. Cagots were excluded from all political and social rights. They were not allowed to marry non-Cagots, enter taverns, hold cabarets, use public fountains, sell food or wine, touch food in the market, work with livestock, or enter the mill.
They were allowed to enter a church only by a special door, and during the service, a rail separated them from the other worshippers. Either they were altogether forbidden to partake of the sacrament, or the Eucharist was given to them on the end of a wooden spoon, while a holy water stoup was reserved for their exclusive use.
They were compelled to wear a distinctive dress, to which, in some places, was attached the foot of a goose or duck (whence they were sometimes called "Canards"). So pestilential was their touch considered that it was a crime for them to walk the common road barefooted or to drink from the same cup as non-Cagots. The Cagots were often restricted to the trades of carpenter, butcher, and rope-maker.
The Cagots were not an ethnic group, nor a religious group. They spoke the same language as the people in an area and generally kept the same religion as well. Their only distinguishing feature was their descent from families identified as Cagots. Few consistent reasons were given as to why they should be hated; accusations varied from Cagots being cretins, lepers, heretics, cannibals, to simply being intrinsically evil. The Cagots did have a culture of their own, but very little of it was written down or preserved; as a result, almost everything that is known about them relates to their persecution. Their cruel treatment lasted through the Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Industrial Revolution, with the prejudice fading only in the 19th and 20th centuries.